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Lim Guan Eng

Posted by : Admin Direktori Blog | Selasa, 20 Disember 2011 | Published in

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Lim Guan Eng


Independent Power Producers or IPPs Should Be Forced To Contribute RM1 Billion Annually To The Renewable Energy(RE) Fund To Develop Solar Energy And Ensure That All Malaysians Can Become Nano-IPPs.(en/cn)

Posted: 19 Dec 2011 07:30 PM PST

Speech by Penang Chief Minister and Chair Of The Penang Green Council(PGC) Lim Guan Eng at the Penang Mini Green Expo- Conserving for Tomorrow – Solar Chapter, at 1st Avenue on December 17, 2011, 12 pm

Independent Power Producers or IPPs Should Be Forced To Contribute RM1 Billion Annually To The Renewable Energy(RE) Fund To Develop Solar Energy And Ensure That All Malaysians Can Become Nano-IPPs.

Thank you for inviting me to officiate the opening of the Penang Mini Green Expo themed "Conserving for Tomorrow – Solar Chapter" and Penang Green School Award Presentation Ceremony today. I am pleased to see so many participants with great interest in exploring issues on climate change, carbon reduction and solar energy.

In collaboration with the Penang State Government, the Penang Green Council will be organizing the "Penang Mini Green Expo" on 17 and 18 December 2011 from 11 am to 9 pm. This fair represents the culmination of the hard work by the Penang Green Council (PGC) over the last two and a half months under the able leadership of PGC General Manager Thing Siew Shuen.

The objectives of this educational expo are to introduce the vision and mission of the Penang Green Council that was set up by the Penang State Government in Oct 2011, to create awareness amongst the general public on the importance of utilizing resources in a sustainable way. We also wish to introduce solar power as one of the key sources of renewable energy, and to promote our main exhibition – "Conserving for Tomorrow – Full Chapter" in September 2012.

To transform Penang into an international and intelligent city, we must rebrand Penang as being synonymous with quality, reliability, safety, sustainability and integrity. We must not only be a location of choice for investors and destination of choice for tourists but also a habitat of choice for those residents who desire sustainable living. Sustainable development that allows resources to be utilized today in a manner that will be still be available tomorrow.

In Penang, we have introduced many programs that promotes low carbon lifestyle. The Car-Free Day that just kicked off last Sunday is one of our efforts in reducing carbon emission and a healthy lifestyle. So is increasing the number of public parks. The BEST bus and CAT bus services subsidized by state government have not only helped the travelers but also reducing individual vehicles travelling on the road.
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And of course our famous "No Free Plastic Bags and 3R", the only state in Malaysia to do so that was launched in 2009. Since this green initiative began, we noticed that the volume of disposable waste has reduced by nearly 10%.

In 2007, 696,743 metric tons of waste was disposed off in Penang. The volume of disposed waste was reduced to 645,019 metric tons in 2009 and followed by a further reduction to 639,743 metric tons in 2010. This year, Penang achieved recycling rate at 23.8% which exceeds the target set by the Federal government( 22% ) for 2020. This means we are nine years ahead of time.

It is just not saving the cost of waste management and extending the lifespan of the landfill at Pulau Burung, we also managed to raise the awareness on 3Rs(Reduce, reuse and recycling) among the people.

In this Mini Green Expo, 15 exhibitors comprising government agencies, non-governmental organizations and private sector companies have taken part in this event. Powercom Co. Ltd. from Taiwan will exhibit information on the past, present and future of solar (photovoltaic) energy. Volunteers from University of Science Malaysia will show the carbon output from activities in our daily lives and its contribution to climate change.

One of the main focuses of this Mini Green Expo is solar energy. Since the Federal government implemented Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) beginning 1 December 2011, we need to encourage the utilization of renewable energy. The irradiance or sunlight exposure in Penang is the No.2 highest in Malaysia and we should be take advantange of the feed-in tariff programme to generate solar energy to be sold back to TNB like any IPP.

Unfortunately the Renewable Energy Fund is inadequate as it is only RM 300 million from the 1% levy on consumption of more than 300kwh or electricity bills more than RM 77 per month. Assuming an installed capacity of 3 kW only 2,217 households can benefit. With 1kW installed capacity only 6,651 households benefit. Only 6,651 household throughout Malaysia are qualified and available and only from 2013?

This is grossly insufficient. The Renewable Energy Fund must be increased from the present RM 300 million by at least another RM1 billion. The time has come for Independent Power Producers or IPPs to plough back their billions of ringgit in annual profits and contribute back to society with RM 1 billion annually to the RE Fund to help develop solar and renewable energy as alternative energy sources. After all if IPPs can benefit nearly RM20 billion from gas subsidies what is RM1 billion to allow all Malaysians to use solar energy and become a nano-IPP by selling back solar energy generated to TNB.

Nevertheless, my opinion is that the quota for solar, which accounts for 50MW of the 190 MW or 26% of the entire quota for renewable energy for 2011/2012 is inadequate as the entire quota for solar have been taken up except for some insignificant capacity allocated for individuals. Taking cognisance of the overwhelming response for FIT for solar, I would like to urge SEDA to increase the quota, so that we could expedite the achievement of 'grid-parity', thus making renewable energy the way of life.

Today, the state government will also be presenting Penang Green Schools Award to four schools. Congratulations to SMK Dato Onn, SJK(C)True Light , SMK Methodist Girls' School, SJK(C) Perempuan China which has entered the final stage. I understand that our judges had difficulties in selecting the Excellent Green School this year, because they are equally outstanding. I am sure that all of you must be very impressed with the achievements of the four schools through their presentation this morning. We thank Ivory Properties Group Berhad, Continental Automotive Components Malaysia Sdn. Bhd, Sunshine Wholesale Mart Sdn Bhd, Popular and ICT KOMTAR Digital Mall for your support in this program.

I would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who involved in organizing this expo within such a short preparation period. We also want to say "thank you" to exhibitors from solar and green industries players such as G-Solar Sdn. Bhd, Robert Bosch (SEA) Pte Ltd – Solar Energy Division, Green Age Solar Technology Sdn. Bhd, Sustainable Biofuels Malaysia Sdn. Bhd, Shence Greentech Sdn. Bhd, OSRAM OPTO SEMI CONDUCTORS (M) Sdn. Bhd, Return 2 Green Sdn Bhd and so on. We would like to take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude for sponsors of the Penang Mini Green Expo 2011, they are 1st Avenue Shopping Mall, IJM Land, Magic Kitchen, Carrefour, PP Exhibition Booth Sdn Bhd, Robert Bosch (SEA) Pte Ltd – Solar Energy Division, ICT KOMTAR Digital Mall and MATE Automation (M) Sdn Bhd.

We also want to thank supportive exhibitors from government agencies, solar and green industries players such as G-Solar Sdn. Bhd, Robert Bosch (SEA) Pte Ltd – Solar Energy Division, Green Age Solar Technology Sdn. Bhd, Sustainable Biofuels Malaysia Sdn. Bhd, Shence Greentech Sdn. Bhd, OSRAM OPTO SEMI CONDUCTORS (M) Sdn. Bhd, Return 2 Green Sdn Bhd and so on. We would like to express our sincere gratitude for sponsors of the Penang Mini Green Expo 2011, they are 1st Avenue Shopping Mall, IJM Land, Magic Kitchen, Carrefour, PP Exhibition Booth Sdn Bhd, Robert Bosch (SEA) Pte Ltd – Solar Energy Division, ICT KOMTAR Digital Mall and MATE Automation (M) Sdn Bhd.

Let us share knowledge and work together to move towards a sustainable, low carbon and resource efficient future. I am confident that together we can make Penang the first green state in Malaysia so that our future generation can live in a better world than us. Remember we do not inherit the earth, but only borrow it from our children. It is our duty and responsibility to return it back to them cleaner, greener and safer.

—– Mandarin Translation —-

槟州首长林冠英兼槟州环保促进会主席在槟州迷你绿色博览会"节约为未来,太阳能篇"致词重点:

独立发电厂应被强制每年贡献10亿令吉予再生能源基金以发展太阳能,确保所有大马国民都能成为纳米独立发电厂。

槟州政府在今年10月成立槟州环保促进会,旨在提高市民利用持续资源的重要的认识,并推广太阳能发电。

槟城要转型为国际和智能城市,必须重新定位。我们不仅要成为投资者和游客的首选,但要市民有持续发展的生活态度。

我们推出了许多方案促进低碳生活方式,包括上周日开始的无车日,州政府资助的BEST巴士和免费CAT巴士不仅为游客服务,也减少了公路上的车辆。 我们也是全国唯一执行天天无免费塑胶袋和3R的州属,从2009年开始,我们发现用后即丢的垃圾减少了近10%。

槟州在2007年的垃圾达6万9千6743吨,2009年减少到6万4千5019吨,2010年下跌到6万3千9743吨。今年,槟城回收率达到23.8%,超过联邦政府定下2020年22%的目标。这意味着我们提前了9年。

这个迷你绿色博览会有15个参展商,包括政府机构、非政府组织和私人公司,来自台湾的Powercom有限公司将展出太阳光电过去、现在和未来的资讯,理大志工将展出我们日常生活中排放的碳排。

太阳能是博览会的焦点之一。联邦政府于今年12月1日落实电力收购制度(FIT),我们鼓励大家利用再生能源。槟城的日光是全马第二高,我们应该善用FIT产电后,如独立发电厂一样卖电给国能。

只有3亿令吉的再生能源基金是不够的,这基金只向用电超过300千瓦(KW)或每月电费超过77令吉的用户征收多1%费用。假设只有安装3千瓦太阳光电板的2217住户受惠, 或安装1千瓦电光板的6651住户受惠,难道从2013年开始,全国还有6651住户有资格和能力安装?

这显然严重不足,再生能源基金至少要增加多10亿令吉,是时候获取巨大利润的独立发电商度每年回馈再生能源基金10亿令吉,帮助太阳能和再生能源的发展。独立发电厂从天然气补贴受益200亿令吉,拨出区区10亿令吉让全马人受惠是应该的。
我认为,太阳能2011/2012年的固打分配,即190兆瓦中只占50兆瓦或26%是不够的,有鉴于FTI计划反应热烈,我促请大马永续能源机构增加配额,使我们能够加快实现"平价电网"

恭喜拿督翁中学、真光小学、SMK Methodist Girls' School、槟华女中获得槟城绿色学校奖,感谢 Ivory Properties Group Berhad, Continental Automotive Components Malaysia Sdn. Bhd, Sunshine Wholesale Mart Sdn Bhd, Popular and ICT KOMTAR Digital Mall 的赞助。

让我们共同分享知识,携手迈向一个可持续发展,低碳和资源节约的未来。我深信,我们能够打造槟城为全马第一绿州,让下一代的世界更美好。请记得,我们不是地球继承人,我们是向孩子预借,我们有责任和义务恢复地球的清洁、环保和安全。

A “First-Come-First Serve” Basis For Applying For Feed-in-Tariff (FIT)Should Be Replaced By “Fit For All” Basis To Ensure That All Malaysians That Are Efficient Energy Producers Benefit To Become Nano-IPPs According To 1% Levy Paid And IPPs Contribute RM1 Billion Annually To The Renewable Energy(RE) Fund.(en/bm/cn)

Posted: 19 Dec 2011 07:57 PM PST

Malaysia has at long last implemented the feed-in-tariff (FIT) as a means to encourage the generation of renewable energies, be it from the sources of solar, hydro, biogas / landfill or biomass / solid waste. For the general public, feed-in-tariffs (FIT) are payments per kilowatt-hour for electricity generated by a renewable resource. FITs
are thus far, the most successful policy mechanism for stimulating the rapid development of renewable energies in the world, today.

Germany, Spain, Denmark and over 40 other nations have pioneered policies and legislations, more popularly known as the FIT, since 1991, that have proven to promote the fastest, cheapest and widest growth of renewable energy. As FIT are meant for producers of renewable energy or to increase their production of renewable energy, both individuals and businesses will benefit from it.

FIT means additional source of income. The RE industry is estimated to generate at least RM70bil worth of revenue for the private sector and this will translate into tax revenue of at least RM1.76bil for the Government by 2020. In order to attract the RE industry for Penang, the state government is considering some form of land pricing incentives which will be announced early next month.

As for the utility companies, in Malaysia's case, TNB, it means that there will be lower portfolio generation costs for electricity by using free energy sources in the long-term. I should think that the non-governmental organisations (NGOs) would also be delighted with the implementation of FIT as selling back to the TNB means the electricity
generated by the renewable energy producers will be connected to the national grid, thus does not require additional transmission lines.

Renewable energy today accounts for less than 1% of the power generation in Malaysia. Coal constitutes 40% while gas makes up 55%. It is the aspiration of the Malaysian Government to have renewable energy accounting for 5.5% of the entire energy mix by 2015 and 11% by 2020. The usage of renewable energy will lessen environmental damage from exploration and mining activities for fossil fuel such as oil,
coal and natural gas.

The implementation of FIT is expected to create significant boost in the domestic economy, support environmental sustainability and promotes expediency in reaching 'grid parity' for the government. A 1% levy will be imposed on customers of TNB who consume 300 kwh or RM 77 per month to the Renewable Energy(RE) Fund for the purpose of funding the FIT. As Penang contributes nearly RM 20 million to this
fund annually, it is unfair if Penang companies and individuals are unable or do not have the opportunity to benefit at least RM 20 million of these FIT.

SEDA envisions a scenario where anyone can become an IPP though a nano-IPP at that, by becoming a small clean and sustainable energy producer, generating green electricity (as opposed to fossil-fuelled electricity by the big IPPs) and distribution licensee (such as TNB) is obliged to purchase it. What all this means is that if you have a solar photovoltaic (PV) generator at home, you can apply to connect this generator to the grid, and get paid for selling the electricity generated to TNB over the next 21 years.

Solar energy is clean, environmentally friendly and has zero emissions. Solar and renewable energy is sustainable as it fulfills Penang state government's important requirement that resources used today are still available tomorrow. There is no depletion of natural resources and it is one of the fastest growing energy sources in the world.

The problem is the steps in obtaining a feed-in-approval is not as simple as it seems. Can it be done in 3 simples steps of obtaining quick feed-in approval from the newly-established Sustainable Energy Development Authority Malaysia (Seda Malaysia), sign a renewable energy power purchase agreement (REPPA) with TNB before we install the
solar PV system on your rooftop. We hope today's session can make it easier for all of us.

If we invest in a solar PV system now, we can expect a payback period of 8-9 years and lock in the premium rates offered for the next 21 years. The longer the sun shines, the more one can "export" electricity to the national grid during daylight hours (when power is urgently needed) and earn income. And I have been informed that Penang
and Kota Kinabalu possesses the best direct sunlight in Malaysia! Is it not true that Penang has it all, not just food, heritage, hills and beaches but longest sunlight too!

On Dec 1 2011, Seda Malaysia invited the public including households, small and not-so-big IPPs (maximum size is 30 MW but only 5 MWp rated capacity for solar PV) to apply and book the amount of green electricity they intended to produce to sell it to the distribution licensee. There are fixed quotas for each of the four renewable energy
sources namely biomass (including solid waste), biogas (including landfill), small hydro and solar PV. There was overwhelming response to solar PV especially for the non-individuals.

What is worrying is that the FIT may not be available to Penangites as approval is given on a first-come-first serve basis. As at Dec 7, Seda reported that the total unfulfilled quota for solar PV is 6,650 kW; 1,650 kW to be commissioned by the first half 2013, 2500 kW, each for second half of 2013 and first half of 2014.

Translating these figures into households, it would mean that about 665 bungalow owners can avail themselves to the remaining capacity (assuming their average capacity is 10 kW). If all of the remaining capacity is taken up by semi-detached owners, the number will increase to 1,330 assuming their installed PV capacity is 5 kW. The figure for
typical link houses, assuming an installed capacity of 3 kW, is 2,217 households. With 1kW installed capacity only 6,651 households benefit. Only 6,651 households throughout Malaysia are qualified and available and only from 2013?

This is grossly insufficient. The Renewable Energy Fund must be increased from the present RM 300 million by at least another RM1 billion. The time has come for Independent Power Producers or IPPs to plough back their billions of ringgit in annual profits and contribute back to society with RM 1 billion annually to the RE Fund
to help develop solar and renewable energy as alternative energy sources. After all if IPPs can benefit nearly RM20 billion from gas subsidies what is RM1 billion to allow all Malaysians to use solar energy and become a nano-IPP by selling back solar energy generated to TNB.

Nevertheless, my opinion is that the quota for solar, which accounts for 50MW of the 190 MW or 26% of the entire quota for renewable energy for 2011/2012 is inadequate as the entire quota for solar have been taken up except for some insignificant capacity allocated for individuals. Taking cognisance of the overwhelming response for FIT for solar, I would like to urge SEDA to increase the quota, so that we could expedite the achievement of 'grid-parity', thus making renewable energy the way of life.

A "first-come-first serve" basis for applying for feed-in-tariff (FIT) should be replaced by "fit for all" basis to ensure that all Malaysians that are efficient energy producers benefit to become nano-IPPs according to 1% levy paid and IPPs contribute RM1 billion annually to the Renewable Energy fund.

—-BM Translation —-

"First- Come- First Serve" yang merupakan asas untuk memohon Feed- in Tariff (FIT) sepatutnya digantikan dengan "Fit For All" bagi memastikan semua rakyat Malaysia menikmati manfaat menjadi IPP- nano mengikut 1% cukai yang dibayar dan IPP menyumbangkan RM1 bilion setiap tahun untuk dana tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui ini (Renewable Engergy, RE).

Malaysia telah lama melaksanakan Feed- In- Tariff (FIT) sebagai satu cara untuk mengalakkan penjanaan tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui sama ada daripada sumber- sumber seperti solar, hidro, biogas/ tapak pelupusan atau biomas/ sisa pepejal. Untuk masyarakat umum, Feed- In- Tariff (FIT) dibayar setiap kilowatt per jam bagi setiap tenaga elektrik yang dijana oleh sumber yang boleh diperbaharui. Setakat ini, FIT merupakan mekanisme yang paling berjaya untuk merangsang pembangunan pesat tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui.

Sejak tahun 1991, Jerman, Sepanyol, Denmark dan lebih 40 negara lain telah mempelopori dasar- dasar dan undang- undang yang dikenali sebagai FIT ini di mana telah terbukti dalam usaha untuk menggalakkan pertumbuhan yang terpantas, termurah dan paling luas bagi tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui. FIT yang dikenali untuk pengeluar tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui atau untuk meningkatkan pengeluaran tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui, kedua- kedua individu dan perniagaan akan menikmati manfaat daripadanya.

FIT bermaksud peluang untuk menambahkan pendapatan. Industi RE menganggarkan penjanaan sekurang- kurangnya RM70bil untuk sektor swasta dan ini akan diterjemahkan kepada cukai pendapatan sebanyak sekurang- kurangnya RM1.76 bil untuk kerajaan pada tahun 2020. Dalam usaha untuk menarik industi RE ke Pulau Pinang, Kerajaan Negeri sedang menimbangkan beberapa bentuk insentif dalam bentuk harga tanah di mana akan diumumkan awal bulan depan.

Bagi syarikat- syarikat utiliti,TNB seperti di Malaysia, ini bermaksud bahawa akan ada portfolio yang lebih rendah untuk kos penjanaan elektrik dengan menggunakan sumber tenaga bebas untuk jangka masa panjang. Saya merasakan bahawa pertubuhan bukan kerajaan (NGO) akan berasa gembira dengan pelaksanaan FIT ini kerana penjualan kembali kepada TNB bermakna tenaga elektrik yang dijana oleh pengeluar tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui akan disambungkan ke jaringan tempatan dan tidak lagi memerlukan jaringan tambahan.

Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui hari ini kurang daripada 1% daripada penjanaan kuasa di Malaysia. Arang batu sebanyak 40% manakala gas adalah sebanyak 55%. Ini menjadi sumber aspirasi kerajaan Malaysia untuk mempunyai tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui sekurang- kurangnya 5.5% daripada tenaga keseluruhan menjelang tahun 2011 dan 11% pada tahun 2020. Penggunaan tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui akan mengurangkan kerosakan alam sekitar daripada aktiviti carigali dan perlombongan bahan api fosil seperti minyak, arang batu dan gas asli.

Pelaksaan FIT dijangka akan mewujudkan rangsangan ketara dalam ekonomi domestik, menyokong kemampanan alam sekitar dan menggalakkan kesesuaian dalam mencapai ‘grid parity’ untuk kerajaan. Pungutan cukai sebanyak 1% akan dikenakan ke atas pelanggan- pelanggan TNB yang menggunakan 300 kwh atau RM77 sebulan bagi tujuan pembiayaan FIT. Bagi Pulau Pinang yang menyumbang hampir RM20 juta kepada dana ini setiap tahun, adalah tidak adil jika syarikat- syarikat dan rakyat Pulau Pinang tidak berkesempatan dan tidak berpeluang untuk menikmati faedah- faedah sekurang- kuranya RM20 juta untuk FIT.

SEDA mengimpikan satu senario di mana sesiapa sahaja boleh menjadi IPP walau pada masa itu adalah IPP- nano dengan menjadi pengeluar tenaga kecil yang bersih dan mampan, menjana elektrik hijau (sebagai menentang kepada bekalan elektrik fosil yang didorong oleh IPP besar) dan lesen pengagihan (seperti TNB) adalah wajib untuk membelinya. Semua ini bermaksud bahawa jika anda mempunyai penjana solar photovoltaic (PV) di rumah, anda boleh memohon untuk menyambungkan penjana ini ke jaringan dan mendapat bayaran hasil daripada penjualan tenaga elektrik yang dijana kepada TNB dalam tempoh 21 tahun akan datang.

Tenaga solar adalah bersih, mesra alam dan sifar pemancaran. Tenaga solar dan tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui adalah mampan dan memenuhi kehendak kerajaan negeri Pulau Pinang yang sentiasa memastikan sumber- sumber yang digunakan hari ini masih boleh digunakan untuk esok. Tiada pengurangan sumber semulajadi dan ia adalah salah satu sumber tenaga yang paling pesat berkembang di dunia.

Masalahnya sekarang ialah langkah- langkah untuk mendapatkan kelulusan tidaklah semudah yang dijangka. Bolehkah ia dilakukan dalam 3 langkah mudah untuk mendapatkan kelulusan daripada Pihak Berkuasa Pembangunan Tenaga Lestari (SEDA Malaysia) yang baru ditubuhkan, menandatangani perjanjian pembelian kuasa tenaga boleh diperbaharui (REPPA) dengan TNB sebelum kita memasang sistem solar PV di atas bumbung anda. Kita berharap sesi hari ini boleh memudahkan urusan untuk kita semua.

Jika kita melabur dalam sistem solar PV sekarang, kita boleh menjangkakan tempoh bayaran balik adalah selama 8-9 tahun dan ‘mengunci’ kadar premium yang ditawarkan untuk 21 tahun akan datang. Semakin lama matahari bersinar, lagi lama seseorang itu boleh ‘mengesport’ elektrik ke jaringan tempatan pada waktu siang (apabila kuasa amat diperlukan) dan memperolehi pendapatan. Dan saya dimaklumkan bahawa Pulau Pinang dan Kota Kinabalu memiliki sinaran langsung cahaya matahari terbaik di Malaysia. Pulau Pinang bukan sahaja memiliki makanan, tempat warisan, bukit dan pantai tetapi sinaran matahari juga paling lama.

Pada 1 Disember 2011, SEDA Malaysia menjemput masyarakat termasuk perumahan, IPP kecil dan sederhana ( saiz maksimum ialah 30MV tetapi hanya kapasiti 5MWp diberi untuk solar PV) untuk memohon dan menempah jumlah tenaga elektrik hijau yang mereka perlukan untuk menjualkannya kepada pemegang lesen pengagihan. Terdapat kuota tetap untuk setiap satu daripada sumber tenaga boleh diperbaharui iaitu biomas (termasuk sisa pepejal), biogas (termasuk tapak pelupusan), hidro kecil dan solar PV. Sambutannya begitu hangat terutama kepada non- individu.

Apa yang membimbangkan ialah FIT mungkin tidak tersedia untuk rakyat Pulau Pinang disebabkan kelulusan diberikan mengikut "First-Come – First Serve". Pada 7 Disember 2011, SEDA melaporkan bahawa jumlah kuota yang tidak dipenuhi untuk solar PV ialah 6650 kW; 1650 kW untuk separuh pertama 2013, 2500 kW untuk separuh kedua dan separuh pertama 2014, masing- masing.

Kalau diterjemahkan angka- angka ini ke dalam isi rumah, ia bermakna bahawa kira- kira 665 pemilik banglo boleh menikmati manfaat daripada baki kapasiti ini. Sekiranya baki kapasiti diambil oleh pemilik rumah berkembar, angka ini akan meningkat kepada 1330 dengan menganggap kapasiti PV yang dipasang adalah 5 kW. Angka bagi rumah teres biasa, dengan andaian kapasiti yang dipasang 3kW ialah 2217. Dengan kapasiti 1kW yang dipasang, hanya 6651 isi rumah memperolehi manfaat daripadanya. Adakah selepas 2013, hanya 6651 isi rumah di Malaysia layak dan bersesuaian untuk menjana tenaga solar?

Secara kasarnya, ia adalah tidak mencukupi. Dana tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui mesti ditingkatkan daripada sekarang RM300 juta kepada sekurang- kurangnya RM1 bilion. Masanya telah tiba untuk Pengeluar Tenaga Bebas (IPP) untuk membajak kembali kepada masyarakat dengan menyumbangkan RM1 bilion setiap tahun kepada dana yang boleh diperbaharui (RE Fund) untuk membantu membangunkan tenaga solar dan tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui sebagai sumber tenaga alternatif. Selepas itu, jika IPP menerima manfaat hampir RM20 bilion daripada gas subsidi, mengapa tidak dengan hanya RM1 bilion untuk membolehkan semua rakyat Malaysia menggunakan tenaga solar dan menjadi nano- IPP dengan menjual kembali tenaga solar yang dijana untuk TNB.

Walau bagaimanapun, pendapat saya adalah bahawa kuota untuk solar yang mencakupi 50MW daripada 190MW atau 26% daripada keseluruhan kuota untuk tenaga boleh diperbaharui untuk 2011/2012 adalah tidak mencukupi untuk keseluruhan kuota solar yang telah diambil kecuali beberapa kapasiti tidak penting yang diperuntukkan untuk individu tersebut. Dengan mengambil kira sambutan yang amat menggalakkan bagi FIT untuk solar, saya ingin menggesa SEDA supaya meningkatkan kuota supaya kita dapat mempercepatkan pencapaian ‘grid- parity’ lantas menjadikan tenaga boleh diperbaharui sebagai cara hidup kita.

"First- Come- First Serve" yang merupakan asas untuk memohon Feed- in Tariff (FIT) sepatutnya digantikan dengan "Fit For All" bagi memastikan semua rakyat Malaysia menikmati manfaat Nano- IPP mengikut 1% cukai yang dibayar dan IPP menyumbangkan RM1 bilion setiap tahun untuk dana tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui.

— Mandarin Translation —-

槟州首长林冠英于2011年12月16日在首席执行员的讲词:

电力收购制度(FIT)的"先到先得"制应改为"所有合格者"制,确保所有大马国民从1%被征用费用中和最有效再生能源中获利,独立发电厂应每年贡献10亿令吉予再生能源基金。

马来西亚终于落实电力收购制度(FIT),鼓励太阳能、生物能、沼气和水电技术产电。对于一般民众来说,FIT是再生能源每小时千瓦发电的付费。迄今为止,FIT是刺激再生能源快速发展的最成功机制。

从1991年开始,德国、西班牙、丹麦和超过40个国家已有首创政策和立法,也证明FTI是再生能源最快,最便宜和最广泛发展的制度,进行再生能源的个人或企业能从FTI中获利。

FIT意味额外收入,再生能源估计在2020年至少为私人企业带来700亿令吉的收入,或至少17亿6千万令吉的政府税收。为了吸引槟州再生能源工业,槟州政府考虑在下月初宣布某形式土地价格的激励政策。

在马来西亚公用企业上,国能公司将长期享有降低发电成本的免费能源,我认为非政府组织应该善用FTI制度卖电给国能,所生产的电力将不需要额外的传输线,就能连接到国能电网。

我国目前再生能源占总发电不到1巴仙、煤炭40巴仙,而天然气则占55巴仙。马来西亚政府希望到2015年,再生能源能占总结构的5.5巴仙,而2020年提高至11巴仙,这将减少化石燃料,如石油、煤炭和天然气勘探和开采活动对环境造成的损害。

FIT预计将明显促进国内的经济增长,也支持永续环境和促进政府提倡的"平价电网"。用电超过300千瓦(KW)或每月电费超过77令吉的用户将被征收多1%费用,槟城每年贡献近乎2000万令吉的能源基金,如果槟城的企业或个人用户没有机会从FIT中受惠,这是不公平的。

大马永续能源发展机构(SEDA)设想每人都可以成为独立发电厂,虽然只是纳米独立发电厂,小型但干净和持续能源的生产者,生产绿色电力(非化石燃料发电的大型独立发电厂)和执照经销(如国能)有义务购买电。如果你家有一个太阳光电(PV)发电机,你可以申请将发电机连接到电网,在未来21年内卖电给国能。

干净、环保、零排放的太阳能和可持续的再生能源符合槟州政府的要求,永续使用能源,不让天然资源枯竭。

问题是,申请过程并不像看起来的简单,但是否能顺利在屋顶安装太阳光电系统前,根据大马永续能源发展机构的3快速步骤与国能签署的再生能源电力购买协议(REPPA)?我们希望今天的会议让简化这些步骤。

如果我们目前投资太阳光电系统,预计能在8至9年回本,并在21年内获得一定的回酬。日光越长,连接到电网的电力和收入就越多。我获知槟城和哥打峇鲁拥有全马最棒的日光!槟城不只是拥有美食、古迹和山水,还有最长的日光!

大马永续能源发展机构在2011年12月1日邀请全民,包括用户、小型的独立发电商(最多30兆瓦,但太阳光电发电量只有5兆瓦)的申请,和预订要卖给执照经销的绿色电力。4个再生能源每年都有固定配额,即是生物质(包括固体废弃物)、沼气(包括垃圾填埋)、小水电和太阳光电发电,当中非个人的太阳光电发电申请回响很大。

令人担忧的是,槟城人可能无法在"先到先得"制度下获批准。根据大马永续能源发展机构于12月7日的说法,太阳能配额还有6650千瓦,分别2013年上半年为1650千瓦,2013年下半年和2014年上半年的额量各为2500千瓦。

若将这些数字转到家庭用户的话,就是说665独立别墅业主可生产余量(假设平均产电10千瓦);若半独立别墅业主产电的话,假设他们产电5千瓦,将有1330业主获得分配余量;若典型住家用户安装3千瓦太阳光电板的话,那有2217户获得分配产量;安装1千瓦电光板的话有6651住户能受惠,难道从2013年开始,全国只有6651住户有资格和能力安装电光板?

这显然严重不足,再生能源基金至少要从目前的3亿令吉增多10亿令吉,是时候获取巨大利润的独立发电商度每年回馈再生能源基金10亿令吉,帮助太阳能和再生能源的发展。独立发电厂从天然气补贴受益200亿令吉,拨出区区10亿令吉让全马人是应该的,让大家也能成为纳米独立发电厂卖电给国能。

我认为,太阳能2011/2012年的固打分配,即190兆瓦中只占50兆瓦或26巴仙是不够的,有鉴于FTI计划反应热烈,我促请大马永续能源机构增加配额,使我们能够加快实现"平价电网",让绿色产电成为生活一部份。

"所有合格者"制度应取代"先到先得"制度,确保所有大马国民从1巴仙被征用费用中获利,成为纳米独立发电厂,独立发电厂也应每年贡献10亿令吉予再生能源基金。

林冠英

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